Was Ist Malta Die Hauptinsel Malta
(Vollform: Republik. Malta ist die größte Insel des im Mittelmeer gelegenen Malta-Archipels und Namensgeberin für den Staat Malta. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Geografie; 2 Geologie. Wo liegt eigentlich Malta? Malta liegt im Mittelmeer, südlich der italienischen Insel Sizilien. Malta ist ein Zwergstaat. Es ist also ein sehr kleines. Aufgrund seiner besonderen strategischen Lage im Mittelmeer war Malta Jahrhunderte lang Spielball unterschiedlicher Nationen. Alle Busse auf der Insel fahren über die Hauptstadt Valletta. Auf Malta leben nur Menschen und es handelt sich um den kleinsten Staat der EU. Dieser.
Entdecken Sie die Mittelmeerinsel Malta mit ihrer Vielfältigkeit. Kulturelle Highlights wie die Hauptstadt Valletta werden Sie begeistern. Aufgrund seiner besonderen strategischen Lage im Mittelmeer war Malta Jahrhunderte lang Spielball unterschiedlicher Nationen. (Vollform: Republik. Entdecken Sie die Mittelmeerinsel Malta mit ihrer Vielfältigkeit. Kulturelle Highlights wie die Hauptstadt Valletta werden Sie begeistern. Was ist die Hauptstadt von Malta? Die Hauptstadt von Malta ist Valletta (auch il-Belt Valletta, Valetta oder La Valletta genannt). Die Stadt wurde. Doch die Republik Malta besteht noch aus fünf weiteren Inseln, von denen aber nur die drei größeren, Malta, Gozo und Comino, bewohnt sind (auf Comino haben. Malta beim Online Wödictionar.co: ✓ Bedeutung, ✓ Definition, ✓ Synonyme, ✓ Übersetzung, ✓ Rechtschreibung, ✓ Silbentrennung. llll➤ Wo liegt Malta auf der Landkarte? Alle Infos zur Lage, Sprache & Landesinformationen zu den maltesischen Inseln beim Portal ➤ Malta-Aktuell.com.
Landeswährung ist seit dem Auf Malta herrscht mit warmen und trockenen Sommern sowie feuchten und milden Wintern typisches Mittelmeerklima vor.
Es fällt ca. Mehr Infos zum Klima finden Sie hier. Die Hauptstadt Maltas ist Valletta. Die Einwohnerzahl Maltas beträgt knapp Da die Fläche Maltas klein ist, ergibt sich daraus eine hohe Bevölkerungsdichte von 1.
Malta hat die sechsthöchste Bevölkerungsdichte der Welt. Etwa vier Prozent der Menschen, die auf Malta leben, sind nicht maltesischer Nationalität, davon sind ca.
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Where to go. Calendar of Events Search Events. Social Media Tweets by VisitMalta. Visit Malta. Maltese is a Semitic language descended from the now extinct Sicilian-Arabic Siculo-Arabic dialect from southern Italy that developed during the Emirate of Sicily.
Maltese is the only Semitic language with official status in the European Union. Maltese has a Semitic base with substantial borrowing from Sicilian , Italian, a little French, and more recently and increasingly, English.
The language includes different dialects that can vary greatly from one town to another or from one island to another.
Also, 88 percent of the population speak English, 66 percent speak Italian, and 17 percent speak French. A study collecting public opinion on what language was "preferred" discovered that 86 percent of the population express a preference for Maltese, 12 percent for English, and 2 percent for Italian.
Maltese Sign Language is used by signers in Malta. Religion in Malta . The predominant religion in Malta is Catholicism.
The second article of the Constitution of Malta establishes Catholicism as the state religion and it is also reflected in various elements of Maltese culture , although entrenched provisions for the freedom of religion are made.
There are more than churches in Malta, Gozo, and Comino, or one church for every 1, residents. This civic pride manifests itself in spectacular fashion during the local village festas , which mark the day of the patron saint of each parish with marching bands, religious processions, special Masses , fireworks especially petards and other festivities.
Paul , on his way from Jerusalem to Rome to face trial, was shipwrecked on the island of "Melite", which many Bible scholars identify with Malta, an episode dated around AD Paul spent three months on the island on his way to Rome, curing the sick including the father of Publius, the "chief man of the island".
Various traditions are associated with this account. The shipwreck is said to have occurred in the place today known as St Paul's Bay.
The Maltese saint, Saint Publius is said to have been made Malta's first bishop and a grotto in Rabat , now known as "St Paul's Grotto" and in the vicinity of which evidence of Christian burials and rituals from the 3rd century AD has been found , is among the earliest known places of Christian worship on the island.
Further evidence of Christian practices and beliefs during the period of Roman persecution appears in catacombs that lie beneath various sites around Malta, including St.
Paul's Catacombs and St. Agatha's Catacombs in Rabat, just outside the walls of Mdina. The latter, in particular, were frescoed between and , although invading Turks defaced many of them in the s.
Luke painted a picture of the Madonna. It has been a place of pilgrimage since the medieval period. The last recorded Bishop of Malta before the invasion of the islands was a Greek named Manas, who was subsequently incarcerated at Palermo.
Maltese historian Giovanni Francesco Abela states that following their conversion to Christianity at the hand of St. Paul , the Maltese retained their Christian religion, despite the Fatimid invasion.
Since all bishops of Malta have been Maltese. As a result of the Norman and Spanish periods, and the rule of the Knights, Malta became the devout Catholic nation that it is today.
It is worth noting that the Office of the Inquisitor of Malta had a very long tenure on the island following its establishment in the last Inquisitor departed from the Islands in after the Knights capitulated to the forces of Napoleon Bonaparte.
During the period of the Republic of Venice , several Maltese families emigrated to Corfu. Their descendants account for about two-thirds of the community of some 4, Catholics that now live on that island.
Most congregants of the local Protestant churches are not Maltese; their congregations draw on the many British retirees living in the country and vacationers from many other nations.
There are approximately Jehovah's Witnesses. There are also some churches of other denominations, including St.
A New Apostolic Church congregation was founded in in Gwardamangia. In , Malta and Sicily came under Aragonese rule and the Alhambra Decree of forced all Jews to leave the country, permitting them to take with them only a few of their belongings.
Several dozen Maltese Jews may have converted to Christianity at the time to remain in the country. Today, there is one Jewish congregation.
A Muslim primary school recently opened. Of the estimated 3, Muslims in Malta , approximately 2, are foreigners, approximately are naturalised citizens, and approximately are native-born Maltese.
In a survey held by the Malta Today , the overwhelming majority of the Maltese population adheres to Christianity According to the same report, 4.
Non-religious people have a higher risk of suffering from discrimination, such as lack of trust by society and unequal treatment by institutions.
In the edition of the annual Freedom of Thought Report from the International Humanist and Ethical Union , Malta was in the category of "severe discrimination".
In , following the abolishment of blasphemy law , Malta was shifted to the category of "systematic discrimination" which is the same category as most EU countries.
Most of the foreign community in Malta, predominantly active or retired British nationals and their dependents, is centred on Sliema and surrounding modern suburbs.
Other smaller foreign groups include Italians, Libyans, and Serbians, many of whom have assimilated into the Maltese nation over the decades.
Malta is also home to a large number of foreign workers who migrated to the island to try and earn a better living.
This migration was driven pre-dominantly at a time where the Maltese economy was steadily booming yet the cost and quality of living on the island remained relatively stable.
In recent years however the local Maltese housing index has doubled  pushing property and rental prices to very high and almost unaffordable levels in the Maltese islands with the slight exception of Gozo.
Salaries in Malta have risen very slowly and very marginally over the years making life on the island much harder than it was a few years ago.
As a direct result, a significant level of uncertainty exists among expats in Malta as to whether their financial situation on the island will remain affordable in the years going forth, with many already barely living paycheck to paycheck and others re-locating to other European countries altogether.
Since the late 20th century, Malta has become a transit country for migration routes from Africa towards Europe.
As a member of the European Union and of the Schengen Agreement , Malta is bound by the Dublin Regulation to process all claims for asylum by those asylum seekers that enter EU territory for the first time in Malta.
The compulsory detention policy has been denounced by several NGOs, and in July , the European Court of Human Rights found that Malta's detention of migrants was arbitrary, lacking in adequate procedures to challenge detention, and in breach of its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights.
Concerns as to whether the Maltese citizenship scheme is allowing an influx of such individuals into the greater European Union have been raised by both the public as well as the European Council on multiple occasions.
In the 19th century, most emigration from Malta was to North Africa and the Middle East, although rates of return migration to Malta were high.
By , for example, British consular estimates suggest that there were 15, Maltese in Tunisia , and in it was claimed that 15, people of Maltese origin were living in Algeria.
Malta experienced significant emigration as a result of the collapse of a construction boom in and after the Second World War, when the birth rate increased significantly, but in the 20th century, most emigrants went to destinations in the New World , particularly to Australia, Canada, and the United States.
Between and , 30 percent of the population emigrated. Emigration dropped dramatically after the mids and has since ceased to be a social phenomenon of significance.
However, since Malta joined the EU in expatriate communities emerged in a number of European countries particularly in Belgium and Luxembourg.
Primary schooling has been compulsory since ; secondary education up to the age of sixteen was made compulsory in Aloysius' College in Birkirkara , St.
As of [update] , state schools are organised into networks known as Colleges and incorporate kindergarten schools, primary and secondary schools.
Martin's College in Swatar and St. Catherine's High School, Pembroke offers an International Foundation Course for students wishing to learn English before entering mainstream education.
The state pays a portion of the teachers' salary in Church schools. Education in Malta is based on the British model.
Primary school lasts six years. Pupils sit for SEC O-level examinations at the age of 16, with passes obligatory in certain subjects such as Mathematics, a minimum of one science subject Physics, Biology or Chemistry , English and Maltese.
Upon obtaining these subjects, Pupils may opt to continue studying at a sixth form college such as Gan Frangisk Abela Junior College , St.
The sixth form course lasts for two years, at the end of which students sit for the matriculation examination. Subject to their performance, students may then apply for an undergraduate degree or diploma.
The adult literacy rate is Maltese and English are both used to teach pupils at the primary and secondary school level, and both languages are also compulsory subjects.
Public schools tend to use both Maltese and English in a balanced manner. Private schools prefer to use English for teaching, as is also the case with most departments of the University of Malta ; this has a limiting effect on the capacity and development of the Maltese language.
Of the total number of pupils studying a first foreign language at secondary level, 51 per cent take Italian whilst 38 per cent take French.
Malta is also a popular destination to study the English language, attracting over 80, students in Malta has a long history of providing publicly funded health care.
The first hospital recorded in the country was already functioning by The Maltese Ministry of Health advises foreign residents to take out private medical insurance.
The Mater Dei Hospital , Malta's primary hospital, opened in It has one of the largest medical buildings in Europe. The University of Malta has a medical school and a Faculty of Health Sciences , the latter offering diploma, degree BSc and postgraduate degree courses in a number of health care disciplines.
The Medical Association of Malta represents practitioners of the medical profession. The Foundation Program followed in the UK has been introduced in Malta to stem the 'brain drain' of newly graduated physicians to the British Isles.
The culture of Malta reflects the various cultures, from the Phoenicians to the British, that have come into contact with the Maltese Islands throughout the centuries, including neighbouring Mediterranean cultures, and the cultures of the nations that ruled Malta for long periods of time prior to its independence in This consists of background folk guitar music, while a few people, generally men, take it in turns to argue a point in a sing-song voice.
The aim of the lyrics, which are improvised, is to create a friendly yet challenging atmosphere, and it takes a number of years of practice to be able to combine the required artistic qualities with the ability to debate effectively.
Documented Maltese literature is over years old. However, a recently unearthed love ballad testifies to literary activity in the local tongue from the Medieval period.
Subsequent writers like Ruzar Briffa and Karmenu Vassallo tried to estrange themselves from the rigidity of formal themes and versification.
The next generation of writers, including Karl Schembri and Immanuel Mifsud , widened the tracks further, especially in prose and poetry.
Maltese architecture has been influenced by many different Mediterranean cultures and British architecture over its history.
The Neolithic temple builders — BC endowed the numerous temples of Malta and Gozo with intricate bas relief designs, including spirals evocative of the tree of life and animal portraits, designs painted in red ochre, ceramics and a vast collection of human form sculptures, particularly the Venus of Malta.
These can be viewed at the temples themselves most notably, the Hypogeum and Tarxien Temples , and at the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta.
Malta's temples such as Imnajdra are full of history and have a story behind them. The Roman period introduced highly decorative mosaic floors, marble colonnades, and classical statuary, remnants of which are beautifully preserved and presented in the Roman Domus, a country villa just outside the walls of Mdina.
The early Christian frescoes that decorate the catacombs beneath Malta reveal a propensity for eastern, Byzantine tastes.
These tastes continued to inform the endeavours of medieval Maltese artists, but they were increasingly influenced by the Romanesque and Southern Gothic movements.
Towards the end of the 15th century, Maltese artists, like their counterparts in neighbouring Sicily, came under the influence of the School of Antonello da Messina , which introduced Renaissance ideals and concepts to the decorative arts in Malta.
The artistic heritage of Malta blossomed under the Knights of St. John , who brought Italian and Flemish Mannerist painters to decorate their palaces and the churches of these islands, most notably, Matteo Perez d'Aleccio , whose works appear in the Magisterial Palace and in the Conventual Church of St.
John in Valletta, and Filippo Paladini, who was active in Malta from to For many years, Mannerism continued to inform the tastes and ideals of local Maltese artists.
The arrival in Malta of Caravaggio , who painted at least seven works during his month stay on these islands, further revolutionised local art.
His legacy is evident in the works of local artists Giulio Cassarino — and Stefano Erardi — However, the Baroque movement that followed was destined to have the most enduring impact on Maltese art and architecture.
The glorious vault paintings of the celebrated Calabrese artist, Mattia Preti transformed the severe, Mannerist interior of the Conventual Church St.
John into a Baroque masterpiece. Preti spent the last 40 years of his life in Malta, where he created many of his finest works, now on display in the Museum of Fine Arts in Valletta.
During the 17th and 18th century, Neapolitan and Rococo influences emerged in the works of the Italian painters Luca Giordano — and Francesco Solimena — , and these developments can be seen in the work of their Maltese contemporaries such as Gio Nicola Buhagiar — and Francesco Zahra — The Rococo movement was greatly enhanced by the relocation to Malta of Antoine de Favray — , who assumed the position of court painter to Grand Master Pinto in Parliament established the National School of Art in the s.
During the reconstruction period that followed the Second World War, the emergence of the "Modern Art Group", whose members included Josef Kalleya — , George Preca — , Anton Inglott — , Emvin Cremona — , Frank Portelli — , Antoine Camilleri — , Gabriel Caruana and Esprit Barthet — greatly enhanced the local art scene.
This group of forward-looking artists came together forming an influential pressure group known as the Modern Art Group.
Together they forced the Maltese public to take seriously modern aesthetics and succeeded in playing a leading role in the renewal of Maltese art.
Most of Malta's modern artists have in fact studied in Art institutions in England, or on the continent, leading to the explosive development of a wide spectrum of views and to a diversity of artistic expression that has remained characteristic of contemporary Maltese art.
Craig Hanna. A number of regional variations, particularly with regards to Gozo, can be noted as well as seasonal variations associated with the seasonal availability of produce and Christian feasts such as Lent , Easter and Christmas.
Food has been important historically in the development of a national identity in particular the traditional fenkata i.
Potatoes are a staple of the Maltese diet as well. There is a strong wine industry in Malta, with significant production of wines using these native grapes, as well as locally grown grapes of other more common varietals, such as Chardonnay and Syrah.
Maltese folktales include various stories about mysterious creatures and supernatural events. This collection of material inspired subsequent researchers and academics to gather traditional tales , fables and legends from all over the Archipelago.
The traditional Maltese obsession with maintaining spiritual or ritual purity  means that many of these creatures have the role of guarding forbidden or restricted areas and attacking individuals who broke the strict codes of conduct that characterised the island's pre-industrial society.
This is a belief that Malta shares with many other Mediterranean cultures. Rural Malta shares in common with the Mediterranean society a number of superstitions regarding fertility, menstruation, and pregnancy, including the avoidance of cemeteries during the months leading up to childbirth, and avoiding the preparation of certain foods during menses.
Pregnant women are encouraged to satisfy their cravings for specific foods, out of fear that their unborn child will bear a representational birth mark Maltese: xewqa , literally "desire" or "craving".
Maltese and Sicilian women also share certain traditions that are believed to predict the sex of an unborn child, such as the cycle of the moon on the anticipated date of birth, whether the baby is carried "high" or "low" during pregnancy, and the movement of a wedding ring, dangled on a string above the abdomen sideways denoting a girl, back and forth denoting a boy.
Traditionally, Maltese newborns were baptised as promptly as possible, should the child die in infancy without receiving this vital Sacrament; and partly because according to Maltese and Sicilian folklore an unbaptised child is not yet a Christian, but "still a Turk".
These may include a hard-boiled egg, a Bible, crucifix or rosary beads , a book, and so on. Whichever object the child shows the most interest in is said to reveal the child's path and fortunes in adulthood.
Money refers to a rich future while a book expresses intelligence and a possible career as a teacher. Infants who select a pencil or pen will be writers.
Choosing Bibles or rosary beads refers to a clerical or monastic life. If the child chooses a hard-boiled egg, it will have a long life and many children.
More recent additions include calculators refers to accounting , thread fashion and wooden spoons cooking and a great appetite. Traditional Maltese weddings featured the bridal party walking in procession beneath an ornate canopy, from the home of the bride's family to the parish church, with singers trailing behind serenading the bride and groom.
This custom along with many others has long since disappeared from the islands, in the face of modern practices. However, it is no longer worn in modern Malta.
Today's couples are married in churches or chapels in the village or town of their choice. The nuptials are usually followed by a lavish and joyous wedding reception, often including several hundred guests.
Occasionally, couples will try to incorporate elements of the traditional Maltese wedding in their celebration.
Andrew's Chapel. Local festivals, similar to those in Southern Italy, are commonplace in Malta and Gozo, celebrating weddings, christenings and, most prominently, saints ' days, honouring the patron saint of the local parish.
On saints' days, in the morning, the festa reaches its apex with a High Mass featuring a sermon on the life and achievements of the patron saint.
In the evening, then, a statue of the religious patron is taken around the local streets in solemn procession, with the faithful following in respectful prayer.
The atmosphere of religious devotion is preceded by several days of celebration and revelry: band marches, fireworks , and late-night parties.
Carnival Maltese: il-karnival ta' Malta has had an important place on the cultural calendar after Grand Master Piero de Ponte introduced it to the islands in It is held during the week leading up to Ash Wednesday , and typically includes masked balls, fancy dress and grotesque mask competitions, lavish late-night parties, a colourful, ticker-tape parade of allegorical floats presided over by King Carnival Maltese: ir-Re tal-Karnival , marching bands and costumed revellers.
Numerous religious traditions, most of them inherited from one generation to the next, are part of the paschal celebrations in the Maltese Islands, honouring the death and resurrection of Jesus.
Mnarja, or l-Imnarja pronounced lim-nar-ya is one of the most important dates on the Maltese cultural calendar.
Officially, it is a national festival dedicated to the feast of Saints Peter and St. Its roots can be traced back to the pagan Roman feast of Luminaria literally, "the illumination" , when torches and bonfires lit up the early summer night of 29 June.
A national feast since the rule of the Knights , Mnarja is a traditional Maltese festival of food, religion and music. The festivities still commence today with the reading of the "bandu" , an official governmental announcement, which has been read on this day in Malta since the 16th century.
Originally, Mnarja was celebrated outside St. Paul's Grotto, in the north of Malta. However, by the focus of the festivities had shifted to the Cathedral of St.
Paul , in Mdina , and featured torchlight processions, the firing of petards, horseraces, and races for men, boys, and slaves. Modern Mnarja festivals take place in and around the woodlands of Buskett , just outside the town of Rabat.
It is said that under the Knights, this was the one day in the year when the Maltese were allowed to hunt and eat wild rabbit , which was otherwise reserved for the hunting pleasures of the Knights.
The close connection between Mnarja and rabbit stew Maltese: "fenkata" remains strong today. In British governor William Reid launched an agricultural show at Buskett which is still being held today.
The farmers' exhibition is still a seminal part of the Mnarja festivities today. Traditionally, grooms would promise to take their brides to Mnarja during the first year of marriage.
For luck, many of the brides would attend in their wedding gown and veil, although this custom has long since disappeared from the islands.
The festival has been arranged annually in Malta since , with major pop artists performing each year. Over 50, people attended, which marked the biggest attendance so far.
In the first New Year's Eve street party was organised in Malta, parallel to what major countries in the world organise.
Although the event was not highly advertised, and was controversial due to the closing of an arterial street on the day, it is deemed to have been successful and will most likely be organised every year.
The festival offers fireworks displays of a number of Maltese as well as foreign fireworks factories.
The festival is usually held in the last week of April every year. The most widely read and financially the strongest newspapers are published by Allied Newspapers Ltd.
Advertising, sales, and subsidies are the three main methods of financing newspapers and magazines.
However, most of the papers and magazines tied to institutions are subsidised by the same institutions, they depend on advertising or subsidies from their owners.
These channels are transmitted by digital terrestrial, free-to-air signals on UHF channel The rest are privately owned.
The Malta Broadcasting Authority supervises all local broadcasting stations and ensures their compliance with legal and licence obligations as well as the preservation of due impartiality; in respect of matters of political or industrial controversy or relating to current public policy; while fairly apportioning broadcasting facilities and time between persons belong to different political parties.
The Broadcasting Authority ensures that local broadcasting services consist of public, private and community broadcasts that offer varied and comprehensive programming to cater for all interests and tastes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Malta disambiguation.
Island country in the central Mediterranean. Website gov. Main articles: History of Malta and Timeline of Maltese history.
See also: Arab—Byzantine wars and Islam in Malta. Main article: Norman invasion of Malta. Main articles: French occupation of Malta and Siege of Malta — See also: State of Malta.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Armed Forces of Malta. Main article: Geography of Malta.
Main article: Climate of Malta. Bajtar tax-xewk , or prickly pears, are commonly cultivated in Maltese villages. Main article: Economy of Malta.
This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
December Main articles: Transport in Malta and Malta bus. Main articles: Maltese euro coins and Euro gold and silver commemorative coins Malta.
Main article: Tourism in Malta. Main article: Demographics of Malta. Main article: Languages of Malta. Main article: Religion in Malta.
Other Christian 1. Islam 0. Atheist 3. Agnostic 0. Main article: Immigration to Malta. Main article: Emigration from Malta.
Main article: Education in Malta. See also: List of schools in Malta. Main article: Healthcare in Malta. Main article: Culture of Malta.
Main article: Music of Malta. Main article: Maltese literature. Main article: Architecture of Malta.
Main articles: Maltese cuisine and List of Maltese dishes. Main article: Maltese folklore. Main article: Public holidays in Malta. Main article: Sport in Malta.
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